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Giving birth to a newborn is an exciting experience that can also be overwhelming. With Ganga Maternity and IVF Hospital by your side, you do not have to give in to your fears anymore. Ganga Maternity and IVF Hospital is the answer to all your maternity requirements. During anxious times, place your trust in us. Our talented and experienced Doctors and staff guide you through the miraculous journey of welcoming a healthy, gurgling baby into this world. Ganga Maternity and IVF Hospital has been successfully delivering healthy babies into the hands of delighted parents all across the country for over a decade. It is one of the top Maternity hospital chains in India that specializes in handling high-risk pregnancies and critical cases. Ganga Maternity and IVF Hospital has the nation’s leading fertility and neonatal care specialists.


‣ Pre-Pregnancy Counselling

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Pregnancy planning makes a couple tread the known route — follow the ovulation calendar, eat right, track the most fertile days, have sex more often, etc. But while concentrating on all those obvious and routine things they usually fail to lay emphasis on a pre-pregnancy counselling session that could have provided them with the desired results in a more methodical and convenient way.

‘Though not all couples prefer a pre-pregnancy counselling but in some cases it becomes crucial. Like, if the couple had faced a problem during the previous pregnancy or either of the partner have any health concerns that can come in the way of conception, counselling can address such issues beforehand. Fortunately most of the problems that arise during the pregnancy may not occur the next time. But some might have a risk of recurrence, hence a pre-pregnancy counseling becomes important.

What are the tests that are done during pre-pregnancy counselling?

  • Best timing of pregnancy
  • Dating for pregnancy
  • Routine blood tests
  • CBC count
  • Antibody testing for Rubella
  • Thyroid tests
  • Thalassemia screening
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Pap smear test
  • Genetic counselling
  • Tests for sexually transmitted diseases

Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital is the best place in Bhavnagar for Pre- Maternity planning to start your wonderful journey of the parenthood.

‣ OB/GYN Ultrasound

ganga ivf website OB/GYN Ultrasound image

Obstetric ultrasound uses sound waves to produce pictures of a baby (embryo or fetus) within a pregnant woman, as well as the mother’s uterus and ovaries. It does not use ionizing radiation, has no known harmful effects, and is the preferred method for monitoring pregnant women and their unborn babies. A Doppler ultrasound study – a technique that evaluates blood flow in the umbilical cord, fetus or placenta – may be part of this exam.

This procedure requires no special preparation. Since only your lower abdominal area needs to be exposed for this exam, you may want to wear a loose-fitting, two-piece outfit. Leave jewelry at home.

Ultrasound is safe and painless. It produces pictures of the inside of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound imaging is also called ultrasound scanning or sonography. It uses a small probe called a transducer and gel placed directly on the skin. High-frequency sound waves travel from the probe through the gel into the body. The probe collects the sounds that bounce back. A computer uses those sound waves to create an image. Ultrasound exams do not use radiation (as used in x-rays). Because images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the body’s internal organs. They can also show blood flowing through blood vessels.

Ultrasound Test helps for:

  • establish the presence of a living embryo/fetus
  • estimate the age of the pregnancy
  • diagnose congeital abnormalities of the fetus
  • evaluate the position of the fetus
  • evaluate the position of the placenta
  • determine if there are multiple pregnancies
  • determine the amount of amniotic fluid around the baby
  • check for opening or shortening of the cervix
  • assess fetal growth
  • assess fetal well-being

Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital has the world class laboratory for Obstetric ultrasound in Bhavnagar.

‣ High Risk Pregnancy

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Most of the time having a baby is a natural process. After a full-term pregnancy, women go into labor on or near their due date and give birth to a healthy baby. A day or two later they leave the hospital to begin day-to-day life with their growing family. But not all pregnancies go smoothly. Some women experience what doctors refer to as a high-risk pregnancy.

A pregnancy is considered high-risk when there are potential complications that could affect the mother, the baby, or both. High-risk pregnancies require management by a specialist to help ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.

Reasons that a pregnancy may be considered high risk include:

  • Maternal age
  • Medical conditions
    • High blood pressure
    • Lung, kidney, or heart problems
    • Diabetes
    • Depression
    • Obesity
    • Autoimmune disease
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Long-term (chronic) infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital has the Experianced Doctor’s team to manage such High Risk Pregnancy in Bhavnagar.

‣ Twins/Triplets Pregnancy

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A multiple pregnancy is a pregnancy where you’re carrying more than one baby at a time. If you’re carrying two babies, they are called twins. Three babies that are carried during one pregnancy are called triplets. You can also carry more than three babies at one time (high-order multiples). There are typically more risks linked to a multiple pregnancy than a singleton (carrying only one baby) pregnancy.

There are two main ways that a multiple pregnancy can happen:

  • One fertilized egg (ovum) splits before it implants in the uterine lining.
  • Two or more separate eggs are fertilized by different sperm at the same time.

Identical twins or triplets happen when a single egg is fertilized and then later splits. These newly divided embryos are identical. Children that are identical multiples will look like each other and be the same sex.

Possible complications include:

  • Premature labor and birth
  • Preeclampsia or gestational hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Placenta abruption
  • Fetal growth restriction


We at Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital has the Experianced Doctor’s team to manage Twins/Triplets Pregnancy in Bhavnagar.

‣ Chromosomal Disorders in Pregnancy

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A chromosomal abnormality occurs when a fetus has either the incorrect number of chromosomes, incorrect amount of DNA within a chromosome, or chromosomes that are structurally flawed. These abnormalities may translate to the development of congenital abnormalities, disorders like Down syndrome, or possibly miscarriage.

Chromosomal abnormalities are differences in the chromosomes that can happen during development. Abnormalities are split into two categories: numerical and structural.

Numerical Abnormalities:

Numerical refers to the fact that there are a different number of chromosomes than expected; there could be more or less. 

    • Monosomy: A chromosome is missing from a pair.
    • Trisomy: There are three chromosomes instead of two.

Structural Abnormalities:

    • Translocation: One piece of a chromosome is transferred to another.
    • Deletion: There is a deleted or missing part of a chromosome.
    • Duplication: A chromosome is copied, resulting in extra genetic material.
    • Ring: A ring/circle forms as a result of a portion of a chromosome tearing off.
    • Inversion: A piece of chromosome breaks off and turns upside down, then reattaches itself to the original structure.

Chromosomal abnormalities occur because of cell division that does not go as planned. Typical cell division happens by either mitosis or meiosis.

Test availble at Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital Bhavnagar:

  • Double Marker Test:
    • A double marker (dual marker) test is a non-invasive screening done during the first-trimester to detect aneuploidy (presence of abnormal chromosome number) pregnancies. It plays a prominent role in identifying the likeliness of having a baby with neurological conditions, such as Down’s syndrome (trisomy 21), Edward’s syndrome (trisomy 18), and Patau’s syndrome (trisomy 13). It is usually done between the 10th and 14th weeks of pregnancy
  • Triple Marker Test:

    • The triple marker screen test is also known as the triple test, multiple marker test, multiple marker screening, and AFP Plus. It analyzes how likely an unborn baby is to have certain genetic disorders. The exam measures the levels of three important substances in the placenta:

      • alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
      • human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
      • estriol

      Triple marker screening is administered as a blood test. It’s used for women who are between 15 and 20 weeks pregnant.

  • Quadruple Marker Test:
    • The quad screen — also known as the quadruple marker test, the second trimester screen or simply the quad test — is a prenatal test that measures levels of four substances in pregnant women’s blood:

      • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a protein made by the developing baby
      • Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone made by the placenta
      • Estriol, a hormone made by the placenta and the baby’s liver
      • Inhibin A, another hormone made by the placenta

      Ideally, the quad screen is done between weeks 15 and 18 of pregnancy — during the second trimester. However, the procedure can be done up to week 22.

  • NIPT Test:
    • Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), sometimes called noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS), is a method of determining the risk that the fetus will be born with certain genetic abnormalities. This testing analyzes small fragments of DNA that are circulating in a pregnant woman’s blood. NIPT is most often used to look for chromosomal disorders that are caused by the presence of an extra or missing copy (aneuploidy) of a chromosome. NIPT primarily looks for Down syndrome (trisomy 21, caused by an extra chromosome 21), trisomy 18 (caused by an extra chromosome 18), trisomy 13 (caused by an extra chromosome 13), and extra or missing copies of the X chromosome and Y chromosome (the sex chromosomes). The accuracy of the test varies by disorder.
  • Amniocentesis Test:
    • Amniocentesis is a procedure in which amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus for testing or treatment. Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy. This fluid contains fetal cells and various proteins. Amniocentesis can be done for various reasons:
      • Genetic testing
      • Fetal lung testing
      • Diagnosis of fetal infection
      • Treatment
      • Paternity testing

‣ Normal Delivery

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Normal delivery is a completely natural delivery of a baby by the mother without any medical intervention.

Benefits of normal delivery

The benefits of Normal delivery include:

  • Avoids risks associated with instruments used for a c-section delivery.
  • Lower risk of infection for mother and child
  • Quicker recovery for mother and shorter hospital stay (24-48 hours as compared to 3 days to a week post caesarean)
  • The natural bacteria and microbes of the vagina transferred from mother to child boost the baby’s immune system, readying it for life outside the protected womb.
  • Babies are at lower risk for respiratory problems since the labour contractions help prepare the baby’s lungs for breathing
  • Normal delivery stimulates lactation because the birthing process activates numerous natural mothering hormones.

‣ Cesarean Delivery

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A cesarean Delivery, also called a C-section, is a surgical procedure performed when a Normal delivery is not possible or safe, or when the health of the mother or the baby is at risk. During this procedure, the baby is delivered through surgical incisions made in the abdomen and the uterus.

When would I need a cesarean Delivery?

  • Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD): CPD is a term that means that the baby’s head or body is too large to pass safely through the mother’s pelvis, or the mother’s pelvis is too small to deliver a normal-sized baby.
  • Previous cesarean birth
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Placenta previa: In this condition, the placenta is attached too low in the uterine wall and blocks the baby’s exit through the cervix.
  • Transverse lie: The baby is in a horizontal, or sideways, position in the uterus. In this condition, a cesarean delivery is always used.
  • Breech presentation: In a breech presentation, or breech birth, the baby is positioned to deliver feet or bottom first.

‣ Forceps Delivery

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A forceps delivery is a type of assisted vaginal delivery. It’s sometimes needed in the course of vaginal childbirth.

In a forceps delivery, a health care provider applies forceps — an instrument shaped like a pair of large spoons or salad tongs — to the baby’s head to help guide the baby out of the birth canal. This is typically done during a contraction while the mother pushes.

Forceps delivery Required if:

  • You’re pushing, but labor isn’t progressing
  • Your baby’s heartbeat suggests a problem
  • You have a health concern: If you have certain medical conditions — such as heart disease or high blood pressure — We might limit the amount of time you push.

‣ Vacuum Delivery

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A vacuum delivery, also known as a vacuum extraction, is a medical procedure that is sometimes done during vaginal childbirth. The doctor places a soft cup with a handle and vacuum pump to the baby’s head to help guide them down the birth canal. A vacuum delivery is typically done while the mother pushes during childbirth.

When is Vacuum Delivery Necessary?

During childbirth, the mother naturally tries to push their baby out through the vagina. In certain circumstances, your doctor may recommend the use of a vacuum delivery to help the process along.

  • Labor isn’t progressing
  • Your baby’s heartbeat
  • You have a health concern:  In these cases, your doctor may recommend a vacuum-assisted delivery. If you have certain medical conditions (especially heart conditions), your doctor may allow you to push but only for a limited amount of time.

‣ Treatment

‣ For Maternity Treatments Avialable at Ganga IVF Hospital

Dr. Manoj Patel at Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital is Specializes in Maternity Treatments Avialable at Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital.

Dr. Manoj G Patel


Obstetrician and Gynecology Specialist

Dr. Manoj Patel is the Obstetrician and Gynecology Specialist Doctor in Ganga IVF and Maternity Hospital. He is a well-known Maternity and Gyneacology Expert also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Obstetrician and Gynecology.