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ganga ivf gynaecology

Gynaecology or gynecology is a type of medical practice that deals with the health of the uterus, vagina, and ovaries, collectively known as the female reproductive system. The word Gynaecology is derived from the oblique stem of Greek γυνή ”woman” and logia “study”. The counterpart of gynecology is andrology that deals with the male reproductive system.

Gynecologists specialize in the female reproductive system, such as the fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, ovaries, vulva, and vagina. These surgeons also diagnose and treat patients with contraception, menstrual problems, menopause, sexuality, and infertility issues. Some gynecologists provide primary care, while some provide parental care.

‣ Irregular Periods

ganga ivf Irregular Periods

Irregular menstruation can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include family history of irregular menstruation, menopause or menarche, physical stress, psychological stress, smoking or medication side effects.

See a doctor immediately if you

  • Develop fever and chills after using tampons
  • Make an appointment to see a doctor if you
  • Develop a persistently unpredictable pattern after having been regular
  • Bleed for more than seven days
  • Soak through more than one pad or tampon every hour or two
  • Have periods less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart
  • Bleed between periods
  • Feel severe pain during your period

‣ PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

ganga ivf pcos image

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.

Signs and symptoms of PCOS:

  • Irregular periods
  • Excess androgen
  • Polycystic ovaries


Complications of PCOS can include:

  • Infertility
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Miscarriage or premature birth
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis — a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
  • Metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that significantly increase your risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)

‣ Endometriosis

ganga ivf Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. The lining of your uterus is called the endometrium.

Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows on your ovaries, bowel, and tissues lining your pelvis. It’s unusual for endometrial tissue to spread beyond your pelvic region, but it’s not impossible. Endometrial tissue growing outside of your uterus is known as an endometrial implant.

Pelvic pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis. You may also have the following symptoms:

  • painful periods
  • pain in the lower abdomen before and during menstruation
  • cramps one or two weeks around menstruation
  • heavy menstrual bleeding or bleeding between periods
  • infertility
  • pain following sexual intercourse
  • discomfort with bowel movements
  • lower back pain that may occur at any time during your menstrual cycle


This tissue trapped in your pelvis can cause:

  • irritation
  • scar formation
  • adhesions, in which tissue binds your pelvic organs together
  • severe pain during your periods
  • fertility problems


Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition, affecting up to 10 percent of women. You’re not alone if you have this disorder.

‣ Menstrual Problems

ganga ivf Menstrual Problems

Menstrual cycles often bring about a variety of uncomfortable symptoms leading up to your period. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) encompasses the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptoms usually go away when your period begins.

However, other, more serious menstrual problems may also occur. Menstruation that is too heavy or too light, or the complete absence of a cycle, may suggest that there are other issues that are contributing to an abnormal menstrual cycle.

There are several different menstrual problems that you may experience.

  • Premenstrual Syndrome
  • Heavy Periods
  • Absent Periods
  • Painful Periods

‣ Uterine fibroids

ganga ivf Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids, which your doctor may call leiomyomas or myomas, are muscular tumors that can grow on your uterus. They rarely turn into cancer, and if you get them it doesn’t mean you’re more likely to get uterine cancer.

Fibroids can vary a lot in size, shape, and location. They can show up in your uterus, uterine wall, or on its surface. They can also attach to your uterus by a stalk- or stem-like structure.

Some are so small that your doctor can’t even see them with the naked eye. Others grow in big masses that can affect the size and shape of your uterus.

Uterine fibroids usually appear in women of childbearing age — generally between 30-40 years old, but they can show up at any age. They’re more common in African-American women than in white women, and they also tend to show up earlier and grow quicker in African-American women. Doctors don’t know why that is.

‣ Adenomyosis

ganga ivf Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis is a condition of the female reproductive system. It causes the uterus to thicken and enlarge.

Endometrial tissue lines the inside of the uterine wall (endometrium). Adenomyosis occurs when this tissue grows into the myometrium, the outer muscular walls of the uterus. This extra tissue can cause the uterus to double or triple in size and lead to abnormal uterine bleeding and painful periods.

Many people with adenomyosis don’t have symptoms. Some people experience:

  • Painful menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea).
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia).
  • Abnormal menstruation.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Painful intercourse (dyspareunia).
  • Infertility.
  • Enlarged uterus.

‣ Treatment

‣ For Gynaecology Avialable at Ganga IVF Hospital

Dr. Nitin Patel at Ganga IVF Hospital is Specializes in Gynaecology Avialable at Ganga IVF Hospital.

Dr. Nitin G Patel

M.B., DGO, IVF Specialist in Bhavnagar

Fellow in Sonography (FOGSI)

Dr. Nitin Patel is the IVF Specialist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

Dr. Surbhi N Patel


Clinical Embryologist

Dr. Surbhi Patel is the Clinical Embryologist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. She is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology.