Ganga IVF logo 2

IVF Treatment

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child.

During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to a uterus. One full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are split into different parts and the process can take longer.

IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. At Ganga, The Best IVF Hospital in Bhavnagar, we assure our patients to give results for IVF process. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. Or IVF may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier — a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus — might be used.

‣ Why IVF is Required?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a treatment for infertility or genetic problems. If IVF is performed to treat infertility, you and your partner might be able to try less-invasive treatment options before attempting IVF, including fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination — a procedure in which sperm are placed directly in your uterus near the time of ovulation.

Sometimes, IVF is offered as a primary treatment for infertility in women over age 40. IVF can also be done if you have certain health conditions.

Being The Best IVF Hospital in Bhavnagar, We may suggest an option if you or your partner has:

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal
  • Impaired sperm production or function
  • Unexplained infertility
  • A genetic disorder
  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions

‣ Ovulation induction

If you’re using your own eggs during IVF, at the start of a cycle you’ll begin treatment with synthetic hormones to stimulate your ovaries to produce multiple eggs — rather than the single egg that normally develops each month. Multiple eggs are needed because some eggs won’t fertilize or develop normally after fertilization.

You may need several different medications, such as:

  • Medications for ovarian: To stimulate your ovaries stimulation. These medications stimulate more than one egg to develop at a time.
  • Medications for oocyte maturation: When the follicles are ready for egg retrieval — generally after eight to 14 days — This medicataion is  to help the eggs mature.
  • Medications to prevent premature ovulation: These medications prevent your body from releasing the developing eggs too soon.
  • Medications to prepare the lining of your uterus: On the day of egg retrieval or at the time of embryo transfer, your doctor might recommend that you begin taking progesterone supplements to make the lining of your uterus more receptive to implantation.

‣ Super Ovulation

ganga ivf hospital Super Ovulation

Super ovulation, also known as controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, is the process of inducing a woman to release more than one egg in a month. It is different from ovulation induction, where the goal is to release one egg a month.

Women with open fallopian tubes and whose partners have adequate sperm counts are candidates for superovulation.

If a woman already ovulates and is not conceiving, Our doctors can increase her chance of getting pregnant by causing her to release more eggs via superovulation. Similarly, if a woman has been ovulating with an oral medication (such as clomiphene) and is not conceiving, superovuation can improve her chances of conceiving by stimulating her ovaries to release more eggs.

‣ Assisted Conception

Assisted conception means using a medical intervention to help you conceive. The type of treatment you receive will depend on what’s causing the problem, and how much help you and your partner need.

The success rates of fertility treatment continue to improve as the years go on. The younger you are, the greater your chance of conceiving, although success rates have improved for all ages.

Around one in four IVF treatment cycles now results in a baby being born.

Assisted conception treatments include:

‣ IUI (Intrauterine insemination)

ganga ivf website IUI (Intrauterine insemination)

Sperm cells are inserted directly into your womb (uterus) at the time of ovulation.

‣ IVF (In vitro fertilisation )


Eggs are gathered from your ovaries and combined with your partner’s sperm in a laboratory dish. The resulting embryos are transplanted into your womb.

‣ ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection)

ganga ivf website ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection)

A single sperm is injected straight into a single egg in the laboratory and the resulting embryo is transplanted into your womb.

‣ Sperm Reterival

ganga ivf website Sperm Reterival

Sperm retrieval is done when pregnancy is the goal but not possible without help. It is for men who have little or no sperm in the semen, or men who aren’t able to ejaculate. In these cases, sperm can be collected from other parts of the reproductive tract. For good pregnancy rates, sperm retrieval is used with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

‣ Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)

ganga ivf website Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)

PESA can be done many times at low cost and without a surgical cut and is especially suited for obstructive azoospermia. It doesn’t need a high-powered microscope, so more urologists can do it. PESA is done under local or general anesthesia. The urologist sticks a needle attached to a syringe into the epididymis to gently remove fluid. Sperm may not always come out this way. Sometimes a surgical process is needed.

‣ Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)

ganga ivf Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) image

TESA is also sometimes called Testicular Fine Needle Aspiration (TFNA). TESA can be used to diagnose or treat azoospermia. It can also be used to collect sperm from the testicles. It’s often done with a nerve block in the Urologist’s office or the operating room. A thin needle punctures the skin and testis to gently pull out sperm. No other cuts are needed.

‣ Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)

ganga ivf Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE) image

TESE is often used to diagnose the cause of azoospermia. It can also get enough tissue for sperm extraction. The sperm can be used fresh or frozen (“cryopreserved”). TESE is often done in the urologist’s office with a nerve block. A nerve block is an anesthetic injected into nerves to treat pain. The nerve block will “turn off” a pain signal from a specific location; in this case, from the testis. Or, TESE can be done under anesthesia in a surgical center. It involves one or several small cuts in the testes.

‣ Freezing/ Cryo Preservation

Embryo cryopreservation is the process of freezing and storing embryos and is a part of most in vitro fertilization programs. The process is chosen for reasons as varied as providing an additional chance for pregnancy, or saving embryos in the face of certain medical treatments.

‣ Sperm

ganga ivf Sperm image
  • Sperm freezing preserves a man’s sperm cells, to maintain fertility if he is facing treatment that jeapordizes his future fertility
  • Sperm freezing can also be used for sperm donation to infertile couples.
  • This process benefits men at risk of reduced fertility from cancer or other health concerns.
  • There is no known time limit on the viability of cryopreserved sperm.
  • Sperm seem to be less sensitive to cryopreservation damage than other cell types because of the low water content.
  • Some studies have reported that cellular damage can occur during the freezing and thawing of sperm, but there is no known risk to a baby conceived from donor sperm.

‣ Oocute (Ovum)

ganga ivf Oocute (Ovum) image
  • Egg freezing, also known as mature oocyte cryopreservation, is a method used to save women’s ability to get pregnant in the future.


  • Eggs harvested from your ovaries are frozen unfertilized and stored for later use. A frozen egg can be thawed, combined with sperm in a lab and implanted in your uterus (in vitro fertilization).

  • Egg freezing might be an option if you’re not ready to become pregnant now but want to try to make sure you can get pregnant later.

‣ Embryo

ganga ivf Embryo image
  • Embryo cryopreservation is the process of freezing and storing embryos and is a part of most in vitro fertilization programs. The process is chosen for reasons as varied as providing an additional chance for pregnancy, or saving embryos in the face of certain medical treatments.

  • There are many reasons a man and woman might choose to freeze and store their embryos:

    • They may feel it is a better option than having the extra embryos destroyed.
    • It can provide another chance to get pregnant if the IVF process fails the first time. The couple will not have to go through IVF again.
    • If the man and woman have a baby, they can use the embryos later to have a second baby.
    • The woman can save embryos before she begins treatments, such as for cancer, that might reduce or eliminate her chances of getting pregnant.

‣ Donation

‣ Egg Donation

ganga ivf Egg Donation image

Ovum (egg) donation is a process where the eggs of a healthy young woman (the egg donor) are fertilised with the sperms from the patient’s husband and the resulting embryos are then transferred into the patient’s uterus. This process not only gives the couple the gift of parenthood but also gives the woman the opportunity to experience the joys of being pregnant.

‣ Sperm Donation

ganga ivf Sperm Donation image

Donated sperm is offered to couples where there is no possibility of retrieving sperms naturally or by a surgical procedure for a man. The donor sperm is used to either inseminate the woman (IUI) or to fertilise her eggs in an IVF process.

‣ Embryo Donation

ganga ivf Embryo Donation image

Some couples have a severe egg and sperm factor. If they have been unsuccessful with self-gametes or wish to opt for a donor egg and donor sperm for medical reasons, this can be offered to the couple and is rightly called embryo adoption or more commonly embryo donation.

In this procedure, a healthy anonymous donor’s eggs are fertilised with anonymous donor sperm from a sperm bank and one or two of resultant embryos are placed in the intending mother’s womb at an opportune time.

‣ Treatment

‣ For IVF Treatment

Dr. Nitin Patel and Dr. Surbhi Patel at Ganga IVF Hospital is Specializes in IVF treatment in Bhavnagar.

Dr. Nitin G Patel

M.B., DGO, IVF Specialist in Bhavnagar

Fellow in Sonography (FOGSI)

Dr. Nitin Patel is the IVF Specialist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

Dr. Surbhi N Patel


Clinical Embryologist

Dr. Surbhi Patel is the Clinical Embryologist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. She is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology.