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Female Infertility

Everything You Need to Know About Female Infertility

‣ IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization)

In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF is a kind of fertilization where the eggs combine with sperm for fertilization outside the body. This IVF procedure takes place in glass (in vitro). The process involves removing an ovum (egg or eggs) from the ovaries and letting the sperm fertilize them in a liquid.

This process involves stimulating and monitoring in a laboratory. For the next 2-6 days, the fertilized eggs undergo embryo culture also. Later on, it is implantation that takes place in the same or another woman’s uterus. This process intends to establish a successful pregnancy. IVF is a process appropriate for gestational surrogacy and infertility treatment.

‣ IUI (Intrauterine insemination)

ganga ivf website IUI (Intrauterine insemination)

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a laboratory procedure where fast moving sperms are separated from more sluggish or non-moving sperms.

The fast-moving sperms are then placed into the woman’s womb at the time of ovulation (when egg is released). We have the best treatment in our Infertility Clinic Bhavnagar


ganga ivf Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) image

We may recommend ICSI if:

  • you have a very low sperm count
  • your sperm are abnormally shaped (poor morphology) or they don’t move normally (poor motility)
  • you’ve had IVF previously and none, or very few of the eggs fertilized.


Key facts

  • ICSI is an effective treatment for men with infertility.
  • It’s performed as part of in vitro fertilisation (IVF).
  • It involves the sperm being injected directly into the egg.
  • Some men may need their sperm to be surgically extracted first.

‣ Genetic Screening

ganga ivf Genetic Screening image

Genetic testing of embryos is a powerful technology available only to those who are doing in vitro fertilization. To perform these tests, a small number of cells (usually about five or fewer) are taken from an embryo in a process called a biopsy; the genetic makeup of these cells is then evaluated in a genetics lab. Typically, after testing, only genetically normal and healthy embryos are chosen to be transferred into the uterus for a potential pregnancy.

Here, we’ll go over the two types of genetic testing for embryos—preimplantation genetic screening (PGS; also known as PGT-A in the newest nomenclature) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD; also known as PGT-M in the newest nomenclature)—as well as the biopsy process, risks, benefits, and more.

‣ follicular study

ganga ivf follicular study image

A follicular study is basically a series of ultrasound scans done transvaginal (through the vagina ) to determine the patient’s ovulation time.

During the follicular study, the doctor scans the ovaries for developing follicles on a regular basis during the menstrual cycle and also monitors the follicular growth and its release.

‣ Ovulation Induction

Ovulation induction is the process of using medications to stimulate ovulation in women who have irregular or absent ovulation (anovulation).

According to the National Institutes of Health, 25 to 30 percent of women with infertility have problems with ovulation.

‣ infertility assessment

ganga ivf Embryo Donation image

An infertility assessment is usually initiated after one year of regular unprotected intercourse in women under age 35 years and after six months of unprotected intercourse in women age 35 years and older.

However, the evaluation may be initiated sooner in women with irregular menstrual cycles or known risk factors for infertility, such as endometriosis, a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, or reproductive tract malformations.

‣ BLOCKED fallopian tubes

The fallopian tubes are muscular tubes that are lined with delicate hair-like structures. These “hairs” work in both directions; helping an egg to travel from the ovaries down to the womb (uterus) and helping sperm travel up from the womb.


Low AMH is not a cause of infertility, but it is an indication of a decreased egg reserve. When there are fewer developing eggs in the ovaries, the chance of a mature and healthy egg being released and fertilised decreases.


Miscarriages are common, occurring in 15-20% of all pregnancies, usually in the first trimester (up to 13 weeks). One or even two miscarriages are not, by themselves, indicative of future infertility. Nonetheless, they may leave patients concerned and questioning their ability to have a live birth.

More than half of the time, couples will go on to have healthy children, unassisted, after losing two pregnancies. However, you may want to look more closely at possible causes if you have not had a live birth and have had two or more miscarriages.

‣ Treatment

‣ For Female Infertility

Dr. Nitin Patel and Dr. Surbhi Patel at Ganga IVF Hospital is Specializes in Female Infertility Problems.  

Dr. Nitin G Patel

M.B., DGO, IVF Specialist in Bhavnagar

Fellow in Sonography (FOGSI)

Dr. Nitin Patel is the IVF Specialist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

Dr. Surbhi N Patel


Clinical Embryologist

Dr. Surbhi Patel is the Clinical Embryologist Doctor in Ganga IVF Hospital. She is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology.